Dental instruments and their products

Dental instruments and their products

Dental Instruments Explained

A loud drill and scraping objects are sure enough to send shivers down your spine, especially when they are being associated with your mouth. Making a trip to the dental office can be daunting at best, and just when you think you are ready and brave – out comes the dental equipment! The sound and appearance of these tools can be scary, especially when you do not know what they are for. Below is a brief guide of basic dental tools, which will hopefully help you put your mind at ease.

Mouth Mirror

We will start with the least scary of instruments – a simple mouth mirror that plays a big role in the dental treatment process. Attached to a metal stick, this device aids us in examining the parts of your mouth we cannot see. This makes spotting tooth decay and cavities a little less tricky. The mirror’s other purpose is to reflect light into the darker places.


Over time, excess and unremoved plaque form a hardened substance called tartar, which generally cannot be removed using a simple toothbrush. This harmful bacteria eventually leads to tooth decay, and while brushing and flossing help remove most of this plaque – additional removal is sometimes required. The scaler aids us in scraping away at the tartar, using its narrow tip. While the scraping may be slightly uncomfortable, it is necessary for preventing decay, gum disease and cavities.

Sickle Probe

This can be described as a blunt tool used to find cavities between the gums and teeth caused by gum disease. Although scary looking, this instrument is also used to scrape away tartar.

Water/Air Tip

While cleaning your mouth, your dentist will clear away debris by spraying water inside with a water tip. They will also suction out debris and saliva with an air tip.

Suction Device

In order for us to examine and treat your mouth, we require a dry surface. The suctions is a tool which is attached to a vacuum that removes saliva from your mouth while we are working. Usually operated by a nurse, this instrument becomes more necessary during treatments that involve the use of a lot of water.

Dental Drill

 This is generally the most dreaded instrument as the sound of it is enough to send patients into a panic. However, it’s the most effective way to remove tooth decay before filling a cavity. This electric drill spins at over 250,000 rpm while shooting water into your mouth. While the dental drill can feel uncomfortable because of vibrations on your teeth, it’s usually not painful.

Dental Syringe

The dental syringe is the medium that brings on the numbing blow to your mouth. They’re a bit longer than a typical needle or syringe, so the dentist can hit the correct spot when administering the anaesthetic. If needles tend to scare you, we would advise that you do not look at it. The actual shot is generally quick and discomfort is mild and only spans for a short duration.


Your dentist may take an x-ray of your teeth to get a closer look at them to determine if there are any underlying problems.

  • X-rays help in looking for decay between teeth
  • Checking for bone loss
  • Checking for decay under fillings
  • Looking for infections

Do not let the fear of equipment keep you off our chair. Book an appointment with us today.